Image from the Library of Congress; audio of Sousa's International Congress Fantasy from the United States Marine Band's recording The Heritage of John Philip Sousa, Vol. 2.
Yes, it's John Philip Sousa's arrangement of "The Star-Spangled Banner" in the manner of the Tannhäuser Overture, written for the Chicago World's Fair. Sousa was adapting older material here; his International Congress Fantasy, an elaborate fantasia on national airs composed for Jacques Offenbach's concerts at the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, ends with much the same music. Sousa was young and little known at that time, and his slyly Wagnerian take on the future national anthem was eclipsed by the famously mediocre and expensive Centennial March that Wagner himself penned for the occasion. There are many more Wagnerian oddities from the early days of recording in the Library of Congress Jukebox, as I've pointed out before; perhaps the oddest is Sousa's attempt at perking up the apocalyptic transformation music from Act III of Parsifal. "My two most popular pieces are the ‘Tannhäuser Overture’ and the ‘Stars and Stripes,'" Sousa said in 1899. "Wagner was a brass band man, anyway.”